Despite the insistence of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador that the states of Chiapas and Campeche return to face-to-face classes as of this Monday, because they are on a green traffic light in the face of the covid-19 pandemic, the educational authorities of those entities decided that they will not return to the classroom, at least in January.
But why is the federal president stubborn about that, when he has not even finished vaccinating medical personnel to guarantee the immunization of teachers? Well, it is a more than educational, political issue.
It is enough that we return to 2012-2018, the six-year term of the Educational Reform. During that time, dissident teachers from all over the country organized to overthrow then-President Enrique Peña Nieto’s new approach, which promoted evaluation as the main motto.
At that time, section 22 of the National Coordinator of Education Workers (CNTE) of Oaxaca resisted in the streets the fight against what they considered “the misnamed educational reform”; clashes with the police were ending them, to the point that they had to retreat.
This model is still unknown to academics and researchers in the educational field, who say that 4T is not clear about its approach.
By 2015 the evaluation reached Chiapas. The dissident teachers from Tuxtla Gutiérrez, armed with sticks and stones, fought the Federal Preventive Police (PFP); a teacher died, but they remained standing, without allowing the evaluation.
On May 25, 2016, a year after the protests began, the PFP stayed at the La Ceiba hotel, in the center of Chiapa de Corzo, their stay had generated repudiation not only from teachers but from the community in general. that was organized to request their peaceful withdrawal from the place. About two thousand inhabitants arrived, tempers heated up and someone threw a stone at the hotel, causing a shower of stones. The PFP responded with tear gas but were unable to contain the mob, which outnumbered and them. They ran.
The following week Chiapas became the epicenter of the New Mexican School, which years later would arrive to replace Peña Nieto’s Educational Reform.
This New Mexican School is the educational model promoted by López Obrador. Hence the urgency to start implementing it. Well, although the National Educational Agreement, signed in 2019, specifies that its application will begin in the 2021-2022 school year, in Chiapas it already exists, which, without a doubt, will be the first success indicated by 4T in the application of its plan.
This model is still unknown to academics and researchers in the educational field, who say that 4T is not clear about its approach. The changes it will bring and whether they are in line with the needs of the educational community, which has been relegated so much, are unknown.