The Casa Peiro Cultural Center in Pericos, Mocorito, Sinaloa, was founded in the second half of the 18th century by Don Francisco Peyró Grammon, a Spanish immigrant. The main lines of the Hacienda were agriculture and livestock. In the late 19th century, an industry was established for the production of Aguardiente Mezcal, which carried the “El Periqueño” brand.
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Another of its main activities was the exploitation and commercialization of wood from the tree known as “palo brasil” abundant in the region. The Los Cuates mine in Badiraguato, which produces gold and silver, was also part of the thriving activity that was taking place at the Hacienda.
The Hacienda was transformed into an emporium under the administration of the brothers Inés León and Estanislao Peiro Castro, grandsons of Don Francisco Peyró. And after Don José Inés Peiro Orrantia, great-grandson of Don Francisco, who created the mercantile society “Peiro Hermanos”. Don José Inés was the protagonist of the great industrial boom of the Hacienda from the production of henequen-based fibers.
The Hacienda was transformed into an emporium under the administration of the brothers Inés León and Estanislao Peiro Castro, grandsons of Don Francisco Peyró.
The industrial modernization brought to Pericos the electric light, the railroad, the automobile, the telephone, the cinema, the people knew the ice. Here the first Northwest Bank was founded. Pericos was a model hacienda, there was no fence, the owner’s house was in the center of the town and the workers’ houses were scattered. Today only good memories remain of the hacienda. There is the father’s house, the church , and there is also the factory chimney as a silent sentinel that a henequen industrial emporium existed there. ”
At the beginning of the 21st century, the old house, unfortunately, was abandoned, semi-destroyed and about to be demolished. The State Government together with the Mocorito City Council, started a rescue project, preserving its architectural style and characteristics of the farm. Process that lasted almost 6 years constituting the “Casa Peiro” Cultural Center in charge of the then DIFOCUR, today the Sinaloan Institute of Culture.
At the beginning of the 21st century, the old house, unfortunately, was abandoned, semi-destroyed, and about to be demolished.
In 2006, symbolically, the state government gave the “Periqueños” a magnificent heritage building that represents their history as a bearer of tangible and intangible signs that today confer cultural identity to the people of Pericos; with the charge that they preserve it with pride and use it for the benefit of children and youth, bringing them closer to the culture and the different expressions of the fine arts.
Text: Lic. Jaime Félix Pico
Chronicler and Cultural Promoter
The Mazatlan Post