December 12 marks 491 years since the apparitions of the Virgin of Guadalupe to San Juan Diego on the Tepeyac hill.
It is a historical, religious, and cultural fact that accompanies practically the entire history of our country as it emerged 10 years after the fall of Mexico-Tenochtitlán.
During the almost five centuries that preceded, the Tilma in which the image of the Virgin Morena was stamped has not ceased to attract attention for containing incredible findings.
It surprises both people of faith who take for granted the existence of the Morenita del Tepeyac and those who have found amazing results in its eyes, mantle, and flowers from the perspective of astronomy, ophthalmology, mathematics, and chemistry.
By 1751, the master painter Miguel Cabrera issued an opinion on the Tilma Guadalupana at the request of the council of the Marian sanctuary.
In his conclusion, he ruled: the image was made using four techniques never practiced by anyone on a surface and even less on a cloth as coarse as an Ayate: oil, gold, gouache, and tempera, according to comments in the Media Library of the National Institute Anthropology and History.
The rector of the Basilica of Guadalupe, Salvador Martínez Ávila, recounts that in 1921, a bomb exploded on the Tilma Guadalupana, and inexplicably, nothing happened to it.
Likewise, the science of ophthalmology has provided great revelations since the last century about what the eyes of the virgin reflect.
From the most basic instruments to the most powerful technology, they have agreed that 13 people are observed in both eyes, two of them very similar to Juan Diego and the first bishop of Mexico, Fray Juan de Zumárraga, according to a test of recent years. in which the virgin’s eyes were enlarged two thousand times their size.
The cloak of María de Guadalupe is not far behind, the original image contains 46 stars distributed asymmetrically and the planet Jupiter, as verified by Fernando Ojeda a couple of decades ago.
Some of the constellations that were corroborated by scientific studies are Ofiuco, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, the Southern Cross and the Big Dipper at the time the image of the Virgin was impregnated on December 12, 1531.