A decision should be made very soon on a dispute pitting Canada and Mexico against the United States on the interpretation of regional trade rules in the auto industry, Canada Minister of International Trade Mary Ng said on Friday.
Canada this year joined Mexico in a complaint against the United States over how to apply automotive sector content requirements under the United States-Mexico-Canada (USMCA) free trade agreement, which came into effect in 2020.
Under USMCA, a deal crafted at the urging of former U.S. President Donald Trump to replace the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), 75% of a vehicle’s components are meant to originate in the region to qualify for tax-free status.
Mexico and Canada favor a more flexible interpretation of the rules than Washington, and Mexico said in August that dispute panel hearings were beginning. Mexican officials have expressed confidence the panel will favor their arguments.
Ng would not be drawn on whether a decision would come in 2022, and when asked how she expected it to turn out, said:
“Canada is confident from the standpoint of: this is our understanding of how we negotiated the trade agreement.”
Ng during her visit also underlined concerns among Canadian investors in Mexico’s energy and mining sectors about steps taken by President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador to tighten state control of energy and natural resources.
Those disagreements have led to a separate energy dispute under USMCA that pits Ottawa and Washington against Mexico.
Ng said she had reminded Mexican officials many affected investors were Canadian pension funds for groups like teachers.
“So it’s really important that those investments that have been made here in Mexico are respected in accordance with our trade obligations,” she said.
The minister also said she was hopeful that Canada would next year be made an associate member of the Pacific Alliance, whose core members are Mexico, Colombia, Peru, and Chile.
Ng this week said Canada had begun exploratory discussions with Ecuador over a potential free trade agreement. While it was too early to say when a deal could be struck, talks were beginning from “a really good place”, she said.