Overpopulation and economic activities where a lot of water is used are factors that lead to several states in Mexico running out of it by the year 2050.
Several regions belonging to the central and northern states of Mexico currently suffer from a lack of water. Likewise, droughts are a matter of concern due to what they cause on land that was once a large body of water.
In this regard, the National Water Commission (CONAGUA) carried out an analysis during April 2023 and discovered that the number of abnormally dry municipalities increased from 697 to 815. For this reason, it is estimated that at least 11 states in our country will remain without water by the year 2050, which would cause water stress.
What is water stress?
According to specialized portals, it refers to water stress when the demand is higher than the amount available during a given period or when its use is restricted due to its low quality.
However, in the very particular case of some states of Mexico, according to the rating agency Standard & Poor’s, this concept is not a new thing. But now its indicators reveal that the water no longer meets the needs of each area as it used to.
Similarly, the data provided by the CONAGUA analysis on the drought on Mexican soil is a matter of concern, since there are a total of 1,202 municipalities that show some level of drought and those that were abnormally dry would still suffer an increase of 697 to 815. So, there are only 454 municipalities without water scarcity problems and the regions already have water stress.
Which states in Mexico will run out of water in 2050 and why?
According to the company S&P Global Ratings, by the year 2050, at least 11 states in Mexico will be left without enough water to cover the needs of their inhabitants. In addition, it would assess these states based on exposure to climate hazards and water stress.
For now, the states of the Mexican Republic that will run out of water in 2050 are: Baja California Norte and Sur, Aguascalientes, Mexico City, State of Mexico, Morelos, Guanajuato, Sonora, Chihuahua, Sinaloa and Zacatecas.
To determine this, S&P Global Ratings did a study where scores above 70 indicate high exposure to climate risk and found that 11 of the 32 states that conform the country are in water stress with scores above the indicated score. Likewise, it would explain that this is due to demographic growth and economic activities where a lot of water is used, such as agriculture, food and beverage production, and textile manufacturing.
Source: TV Azteca