A sizable Spanish-speaking country is Mexico. Mexico City, the nation’s capital, is home to more than 9 million people (more than 21 million, if you include the metropolitan region). An interesting sector of the country worth reviewing is its educational one. We’ve covered some facts about Mexico’s education system subsequently.
Mexico public schools
Expatriates typically do not enroll their wards in Mexico public schools, even though they wouldn’t be charged schooling fees. This is primarily because of the inferior standards, which are way lower than what they have back home. In Mexico, the Secretariat of Public Education (SEP) regulates the national curriculum, which is disbursed to various states. Secularism is mostly the curricular order because theological teachings are forbidden. School sessions start in September and extend towards July of the subsequent year.
The educational system typically has three stages: elementary (ages 6 to 12), junior (years 12 to 15), and high school (ages 15 to 18). To move to the next class, students typically must score a minimum of 60% on the national test conducted at the end of the session.
Technical facilities are accessible to public school students to better prepare for professional fields. They could also opt for general schooling options in specialized fields to prepare for additional studies.
Expatriates are not advised to enroll their kids in public schools because they are usually inadequately funded and have few resources. For kids who may be already fluent in Spanish, there is that additional perk of leaving for home after the first part of a typical school day.
The subsequent level of education after primary school is usually referred to as “Preparatoria,” also upper secondary education. Grades 10 through 12 make up upper secondary education, and the college’s requirements govern admittance.
While some upper secondary schools are SEP or state-controlled Colegios, private schools, preparatory schools, or private institutions, the majority are associated with significant public universities. Academic University-Preparatory and Professional Technical Education both provide two-degree options.
The first two sessions of education typically feature a standard national curriculum. The last session, however, includes more specific coursework. Students typically are required to take courses in some foreign languages, after which they’d be awarded the Bachillerato diploma should they make a passing grade. On the professional track, Professional Technical Institutions offer technical training that gets students ready to start working immediately after graduation. The track includes general education and professional classes in the student’s preferred sector and leads to the Ttulo de técnico professional.
What Subjects Do Students in Mexico Study?
Mexican elementaries typically extend from grade one to grade six. It’s often compulsory for Mexican students to learn an auxiliary language. Though there are several languages, English is typically the more common option among students.
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Most Mexican school days are split, with one part of the classes being taught in Spanish and the other in the additional language the student is studying. All these are done in a bid to increase multilingual fluency and make students more employable across the planet. Most students usually choose to learn indigenous Latin American languages in any case.
Once children are in middle school, the majority of the fundamentals have been addressed; therefore, their topics are more specialized and less all-encompassing. Students are usually encouraged to devote much time to high school studying these subjects.
Even though the gender gap in education has practically been breached for the last three decades, Mexican girls still have a greater chance of dropping out of school by 12 than their male counterparts. Stereotypical domestic roles usually hinder girls from completing school education. It’s estimated that only an abysmal 17% ultimately go on to complete college schooling.
Only in Latin America are child marriages on the rise, and 83% of married Mexican girls drop out of school. This is a concerning tendency that might perpetuate a chain of gender disparity in education because girls who later go on to complete college commonly take after their mothers. If their mothers don’t, they wouldn’t be much motivated to attend.
Mexican youths face high unemployment rates
Mexican youngsters not only struggle with poor educational opportunities but also with extremely high jobless rates following graduation. In Mexico, youth unemployment is twice as high as that of the rest of the working-age population; in 2020, 839,752 of them were unable to secure employment despite having graduated from university.
Wealth disparity and poverty are major problems in the North American country. The country’s extreme poverty rate is about 18%, and in these areas, school dropout rates, absenteeism, and grade repeat are major issues for Mexican students. Mexico has one of the lowest rates of 15 to 18-year-olds attending school among OECD nations, probably due to the poverty that forces them to seek employment rather than finish their education.
Not only does poverty affect a child’s likelihood of attending school, but it also impacts the caliber of the schooling they get when they do. In contrast to their counterparts at privileged, urban, and private schools, leaders in underprivileged, rural, and public schools are more worried about the material resources available. This is troubling since there is a significant correlation between the lack of instructional resources and student achievement.
Clearly, Mexico’s educational system has a lot of problems. Even though notable advancements have occurred throughout the years, much work remains. To improve the odds of solving the problems combating the educational system in as little time as possible, it’s important that relevant bodies address the gender inequality concerns and the county’s unequal wealth distribution. Hopefully, with increased funding and improved attention, the Mexican educational system will give all pupils the chance to get a top-notch education.