X-ray of security in Mexico: murders, femicides, and atomization of cartels three years after the López Obrador government

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The president arrives at his Third Government Report with his administration caught in femicides, homicidal violence, and struggles between drug cartels.

This Wednesday, September 1, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador delivered his Third Government Report, a document that summarizes the achievements of his administration, but also shows the campaign promises accumulated in the pending drawer such as those concerning the security in the country.

At the event – held in one of the courtyards of the National Palace – there was a long string of figures and data. On this occasion, the government omitted as a central issue the levels of insecurity that bleed Mexico to death.

Even with the deployment of the National Guard and the delivery of federal programs, crimes such as intentional homicide, femicides, and drug dealing have increased in the current administration, the organizations warn.

(Photo: RASHIDE FRIAS / CUARTOSCURO)(Photo: RASHIDE FRIAS / CUARTOSCURO)

“The data”

The López Obrador government – which still enjoys 60% approval – has once again placed itself in the spotlight for its security performance.

In this scenario, the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System (SESNSP) ranked 2019 as the most violent in the administration of Andrés Manuel López Obrador, with 35,616 homicides, that is, 98 murders per day. By 2020 (with 35,484 homicides) the victims decreased .4%. In the current year, the outlook is not very encouraging, since in the first seven months, the victims of intentional homicide amount to 20,368.

In the period from 2019 to 2020, eleven states increased their murder records. Guanajuato had the largest increase in the number of registered homicides.

In 2015, halfway through the Enrique Peña Nieto government, homicides amounted to 18,318.  In the first year of the government of Andrés Manuel López Obrador, the figure increased to 35,616 (Graphic: Infobae México)In 2015, halfway through the Enrique Peña Nieto government, homicides amounted to 18,318. In the first year of the government of Andrés Manuel López Obrador, the figure increased to 35,616 (Graphic: Infobae México)

The number of reported femicides also increased between 2019 and 2020, with 968 and 969, respectively. Regarding this crime, the State of Mexico reported more victims, with 151 only in 2020, while Aguascalientes reported 2.

The State of Mexico is currently the entity with the most registered femicides (Graph: Infobae México)The State of Mexico is currently the entity with the most registered femicides (Graph: Infobae México)

In the drug-dealing scene, 6,486 more cases of this crime were reported in 2020 compared to 2019. In 2020, Guanajuato registered more drug dealing cases, with 14,932; Tabasco, the least, with 87.

Before assuming the presidency, López Obrador announced that his plan to stop the violence would point to the causes: the lack of opportunities, the quality of education and employment. On the other hand, he said he would reform the drug war of Felipe Calderon (2006-2012) and create a new institution: the National Guard.

The crime of drug dealing has skyrocketed under the current administration (Graphic: Infobae México)The crime of drug dealing has skyrocketed under the current administration (Graphic: Infobae México)

1,005 days after the López Obrador government, from December 1, 2018, to September 1, 2021, organized crime has managed to stabilize a figure of 100 homicides per day. Also in these 2 years 9 months, 21,500 people have disappeared. Jalisco, Mexico City, Michoacán, Nuevo Léon and Tamaulipas, are the states where the situation of the victims without locating is aggravated.

The great bosses such as Ismael el Mayo Zambada, Nemesio Oseguera Cervantes, Rafael Caro Quintero , Los Chapitos, among others, remain untouchable in the country. The epicenters of the violence have moved to traditionally quiet towns such as Guanajuato , Nuevo Léon and Zacatecas , where the country’s most powerful cartels, Sinaloa and Jalisco Nueva Generación, are waging open warfare.

In the last three years, Mexico City has seen the arrival of two criminal groups: the CJNG and the Unión Tepito, who intend to take control of the country’s capital.

Investigations into organized crime in Mexico establish that during the administration of Andrés Manuel López Obrador the large cartels have been atomized, giving way to the emergence of 12 criminal groups, for example: United Cartels, which dominates a large part of Tierra Caliente; the Caborca ​​Cartel – led by the legendary capo Rafael Caro Quintero; the Ensenada CartelThe Canchola in Mexico City and the Cartel de los Alemanes.

Source: infobae.com

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