The country has been parked for three consecutive years at a rate of 29 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants, says the agency
Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, the homicide rate in Mexico remained at the same levels as the last three years.
During 2020, 36 thousand 579 murders were registered in Mexico; that is, a ratio of 29 homicides per 100,000 inhabitants nationwide, a rate that is the same as that reported in 2018 and 2019, the highest since the 1990 record began, preliminary data from the National Institute of Statistics and Geography reveal. (Inegi).
By sex, the highest number of murders corresponded to men with 32,147 homicides that represent 88% of the total, while the homicides of women amounted to 32,147 deaths.
The states with the highest number of homicides last year were: Guanajuato, with 3,974 murders; State of Mexico, with 3,237 cases; Chihuahua, two thousand 935; Baja California, two thousand 811; Jalisco, two thousand 495; and Michoacán, two thousand 448. These six entities concentrate half of the deaths reported in 2019.
In proportion to the number of the population, ten entities were located above the national average, among which Colima stands out, with 92 homicides per 100 thousand inhabitants; Chihuahua, with 92 cases; Guanajuato, 87; Baja California, 78; Zacatecas, 76; Guerrero, 53; Morelos and Michoacán with 50 cases respectively.
The main causes of homicides last year, according to death records, were assault with firearms, including short or long weapons, with 25,178 cases, 69% of the total; followed to a lesser extent by aggression with a sharp object, 3,645 murders, as well as aggression by hanging, strangulation and suffocation, 2,847 deaths.
As of 2015, Inegi captures information on alleged homicides directly from the Forensic Medical Services through the death certificates they issue for accidental and violent deaths. In addition, it captures data in the Civil Registry Offices through death certificates and certificates. This information is complemented with that provided by the Public Ministry Agencies through statistical notebooks.