October 17th marks the 68th anniversary of the vote of women in Mexico, an important episode in the history of the fight for equality in political participation
This Sunday, October 17, the 68th anniversary of the vote of women in Mexico is commemorated, as it was a day like today in 1953 when the constitutional reform was promulgated, granting Mexican women the right to vote and to be voted, so in 1955, women went to the polls for the first time in Mexico.
The fight for women’s rights began decades ago and equality in political participation is part of it, so the history of voting in Mexico goes further back with names that left their mark and that motivated other Mexican women to raise their voice and join in the defense for the right to participate in the polls.
The vote of women in Mexico. Photo: Twitter @UNAM_MX
A little history
October 17 was a historic day, however, the fight began thirty-two years earlier because in 1923 the right to vote was recognized for the first time for this sector of the population, although at that time only at the municipal and state level in Yucatan, he points out. the National Electoral Institute (INE).
In 1937, the government of Lázaro Cárdenas presented for the first time the initiative to reform Article 34 of the Constitution with which they requested the right of women to vote and have popularly elected positions, points out the National Human Rights Commission (CDNH).
Although the initiative was approved by the Chamber of Deputies and Senators, the declaration of Constitutional Reform was not made and it was left unfinished. It was not until the government of Adolfo Ruíz Cortines that women demanded that he fulfill his campaign promise on the right of Mexican women to vote.
History of the vote of women in Mexico. Photo: UNAM
In 1953, President Adolfo Ruíz Cortines published a decree in the Official Gazette of the Federation announcing the promulgation of constitutional reforms that grant women the right to vote and be voted for.
Women in the history of voting
Dozens of women have made their mark in history with their fight for rights, equality and justice around the world, such as Olympe de Gouges in France and Mary Wollstonecraft in England, and Mexico has been no exception.
In 1923 Beatriz Peniche Barrera, Elvia Carrillo Puerto and Raquel Dzib Ciseron were the first women in Mexico to exercise their right to vote, although only in Yucatán, Rosa Torre was elected as councilor of the Mérida city council, according to UNAM.
The National Electoral Institute indicates that as a result of the first time that women went to the polls in 1955 for federal elections, Margarita García Flores, Marcelina Galindo Arce, Guadalupe Urzúa Flores and Remedios Ezeta Uribe were elected as deputies.