What did Spain leave in Mexico over 300 years? From the wheel to hospitals


The Spanish Empire carried out the greatest transfer of knowledge in history until the middle of the 19th century. The list of benefits received is huge, so we will be brief and only list a few.

n August, it was five hundred years since the conquest of Tenochtitlán by Hernán Cortés. And in September the two hundredth anniversary of the entry of the Trigarante Army into Mexico City and the signing of the Act of Independence of the Mexican Empire. Therefore, Spanish rule over Mexico spanned three hundred years.

According to the indigenous, masonic, and socialist currents, that time was one of oppression and poverty. The most fanatical maintains that the Spaniards were so backward and the Mexica so advanced that they taught the first to wash.


The journalist Iñaki López has written that the conquerors brought slavery to New Spain. The ignorance and hispanophobia are so huge that Lopez, who shares name Castilian with the president of Mexico, does not know or forget that slavery was common among the Indians, to the extent that (and lover) interpreter of Cortez, Doña Marina, was sold by her parents and then given away, along with other women, by the chiefs of Tabasco to the Spanish … and released by them. She ended up as a lady, married to a captain of the great conqueror and with two charges.

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So that the Lópezes remain calm, we will say that the abolition of slavery in Mexico was carried out by the independentists from 1824 in the state Constitutions, although it took time to be effective.

When independence was proclaimed (due to Ferdinand VII’s refusal to send an infant of the House of Bourbon to be crowned king, as proposed by the Plan of Iguala), the Mexican Empire was the fourth-largest sovereign state in the world, with more than four million square kilometers. A little later, the Creole oligarchies began to lose territory in favor of the United States, handed over mining wealth to foreigners, and finally dedicated themselves to massacring their lower-class compatriots.

The Spanish legacy

And what did Spain leave in New Spain throughout those 300 years? The list of benefits received is huge, so we will be brief and only list a few:

  • The overthrow of a power, the Mexica, despotic, bloodthirsty and satanic, that imposed blood tributes to the subjugated peoples. They preferred the alliance with Cortés rather than defending a supposed indigenous America.
  • The end of cannibalism.
  • The cultural diversity, highly touted today as happens in Europe or the United States. Thanks to the conquest, Europeans, Asians and Africans settled in Mexico.
  • The wheel and the exploitation of metals.
  • The Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico, founded by Emperor Carlos V in 1551 and dismantled in the 19th century by the Republicans.
Cathedral of the Assumption of Mary of Mexico
  • The Cathedral of the Assumption of Mary of Mexico , of which the first stone was laid in 1571, reigning Felipe II.
  • The alphabet and writing of the Castilian language and of several other indigenous languages.
  • The book industry, with the establishment of the first printing press in 1539 and the declaration by a royal certificate of 1558 of the printer’s trade as free.
  • The first public library in America, founded by Bishop Palafox in Puebla in 1646.
  • The Gregorian calendar, established by Philip II in October 1582, before England, the United States, Sweden, Turkey, China, Russia …
  • Trade with Spain, China and Peru, with the export of items such as silver and tobacco.
  • The breeding of horses, mules, donkeys and oxen, which made life more comfortable for the natives, since they allowed the transport of loads on the back of these animals or in carts, when before they had to carry them.
  • The dissemination of new foods, whether they were animals (hen, pork, lamb), or vegetables (wheat, oranges, rice, chickpeas, lentils, bananas, aubergines, apples …)
  • Legislation that made the most humble natives subjects of rights and stopped the punishments that the caciques and the Spanish authorities could inflict.
  • The suppression of the military service demanded by the caciques to fight against the neighbors.
  • The foundation by Cortés of the first hospital in Mexico City, that of Jesús, in 1521. And shortly afterwards the first hospital for lepers: that of San Lázaro.
  • The first university hospital, the Hospital Real de Naturales, which housed the Royal School of Surgery, and where Spanish and indigenous medicines and remedies were studied
  • The construction of new cities, more luminous and hygienic than those of Europe, thanks to the application of the urban planning of the Renaissance ‘ideal city’.
  • The smallpox vaccine and vaccination boards, which disappeared in the wars of the 19th century

As can be seen, the Spanish left in America much more than, for example, the Arabs left in Spain, or the Vikings in Ireland, or the Mongols in Asia, or the French in the Ivory Coast.

The Spanish Empire carried out the greatest transfer of knowledge in history until the middle of the 19th century, when inventions and advances became countless. If it were possible to recreate in 2021 the living conditions of the Native Americans of 1490, the indigenistas would have to walk in loincloths and the indigenistas would live under polygamy.

The genocide of the Cristeros

The letter from Pope Francis to the president of the Mexican Episcopal Conference contains the following sentence:

“Nor can we ignore the actions that, in more recent times, were committed against the Christian religious sentiment of a large part of the Mexican people, thereby causing profound suffering.”

It is a reference to the Cristiada, the rebellion of Mexican Catholics against the revolutionary government that tried to eradicate the Catholic cult. In that war, which began in 1926, the death toll is estimated at around a quarter of a million and the murders of Cristeros leaders lasted until 1941. To speak of this savage war perpetrated by the PRI regime against their people is still a source of irritation. for secularists.

If Andrés Manuel López Obrador is convinced that forgiveness “is an act that dignifies both the one who offers it and the one who receives it,” as he has said to continue demanding Spain’s repentance for the conquest and colonization, he could begin by asking sorry for the Cristeros genocide.


Leading by example is usually very effective in convincing others, but it is a non-existent behavior among progressives. So I suppose AMLO will not apologize.

However, here is the proposal for the Mexican president, of Spanish descent, like so many of his compatriots, to demonstrate his sincerity and give us a lesson in humility.

Source: libertaddigital.com

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