Both the High Commissioner and different human rights mechanisms insisted on strengthening civil institutions instead of military ones.
The office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, UN-DH, called on the Mexican federal government headed by President Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO), to strengthen civil institutions instead of military ones.
This is in response to the recent initiative of the president to make the National Guard completely dependent on the Secretary of Defense (Sedena), since this means greater control by the military command, contrary to how the security body was intended.
That is why both Michelle Bachelet, UN-DH High Commissioner, insisted that the use of the Armed Forces in public security tasks “be exceptional, the last resort of a temporary nature and supervised by independent civilian bodies.”
In turn, in a statement issued on August 11, the office urged that the civilian nature of the National Guard and Public Security be maintained as stated in the constitution.
For his part, in the face of constant and harsh accusations, López Obrador has denied that the principle with which the National Guard was created is being betrayed, at the same time he has expressed that the purpose of the measure he wishes to implement is to prevent the GN from “spoil”.
“So that tomorrow they cannot say that the National Guard was not taken care of and was spoiled because it should have been depending on a strong and professional institution like Sedena,” he commented on August 9.
The UN-DF had already made a previous call to the Federal Government to stop the militarization of the country. (Photo: Cuartoscuro)
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The position of the UN-DH is only the reinforcement of what had already been warned since last April when the organization issued a report on Forced Disappearance in Mexico.
In the document, the UN made a call to the Morenista president so that the Army would return to the barracks, and turn the National Guard into a civilian command as had been proposed at the beginning of its creation.
The organization recommended to the federal government an orderly, immediate and verifiable withdrawal plan from the armed forces, since throughout his six-year term, rather than withdraw, the military presence had remained constant.
And it is that according to the UN report, the reforms of the security laws that have been promoted since 2006, under the mandate of PAN member Felipe Calderón Hinojosa and his so-called “War against Narco”, until today ( 2022), have been characterized by prioritizing the militarization of Mexico.
In the event that the reform proposal is not approved by the Judiciary, the president will issue a presidential agreement so that the GN remains under the control of Sedena. (Photo: REUTERS/Daniel Becerril)
This call is not fortuitous, it derives from what was found in the report made by the international organization in the face of the crisis of disappearances that the country is experiencing.
According to the document, public servants and organized crime are responsible for the growing number of forced disappearances in the territory. In addition, the military elements have also been pointed out for being generators of violence, since during the strengthening of their participation outside the barracks in the War on Drug Trafficking, an increase in violence was reported that affected the entire republic.
At the same time, during this period, complaints of murder, torture and human rights violations grew, all allegedly perpetrated by Mexican soldiers and which have been denounced through recommendations issued by the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH).