Mexico assumed this Monday the rotating presidency of the United Nations Security Council (CS) (UNSC), based in New York, which it will hold throughout November. Unanimously, the members of this multilateral body adopted the work program for this month presented by the Mexican representation.
The Mission of Mexico to the UN reported that as part of the presidency of our country before this body, “three flagship events” will be held. The first is a debate on corruption, inequality, inclusion and armed conflict.
This will be chaired by the head of the Mexican federal Executive, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, on November 9 at the headquarters of the United Nations, which will represent his second trip abroad in almost three years of government.
Another of the topics proposed by Mexico and endorsed by the UNSC is an open debate on trafficking and diversion of small arms and light weapons and their impact on international security.
According to the representation of Mexico before that organization, it is a point of “special priority” for our country due to the impact it has on the violence of criminal groups that are easily arsenal. In that sense, the Mexican delegation will seek agreements to combat the problem.
The third discussion proposed by Mexico before the UNSC refers to collaboration and coordination between the main organs of the United Nations, in order to make their preventive work more effective in the international peace and security agenda.
Mexico has been a non-permanent member of the UNSC since January 1, 2021, and will end its participation on December 31, 2022. Each of the 15 members that make up this body holds the rotating presidency for one month, and it will correspond to our country assuming it in November.
It is the United Nations body in charge of maintenance and international peace and security and is made up of 15 countries (ten elected or temporary and five permanent: China, the United States, France, Russia, and the United Kingdom).
During Mexico’s presidency, issues such as the situation in the Middle East, particularly in Syria, Yemen, Iraq, and Afghanistan, will also be addressed; humanitarian assistance to people in conflict contexts, among others.
“Based on the foundations of our foreign policy, expressed in our Constitution, Mexico assumes the presidency of the Security Council, placing the well-being of the people as the priority on which we will be working.
“A great team of women and men committed to the project has been formed, who know its issues well. It will be a difficult month, we anticipate complicated issues, but the team is prepared to face the challenge and continue to put the name of Mexico at the top, as we have tried to do since we assumed this very honorable responsibility, “he said in a video released In social networks, Ambassador Juan Ramón de la Fuente, representative of Mexico to the UN in New York.
UN Security Council: Mexico’s vote that rubbed the relationship with the US in 2003
Mexico has participated four previous occasions as a Non-Permanent Member (NPM) of the body: in 1946 , with Luis Padilla Nervo and Rafael de la Colina as ambassadors; 1980-1981 with Porfirio Muñoz Ledo; 2002-2003 , with Adolfo Aguila Zínser, and 2009-2010 , with Claude Heller.
However, it was the 2002-2003 biennium when the Aztec land country (with Vicente Fox as president) presided over the Council in a pre-war international context that cracked its relationship with the United States, under the mandate of George W. Bush.
That panorama was marked by the intention of the United States, with the support of Great Britain, to intervene militarily in Iraq: by then, the North American nation was pursuing a second resolution that would allow it, eventually, its free passage to the territory.
It is worth mentioning that the Security Council is made up of five Permanent Member (MP) countries with the right to veto (USA, China, France, Russia and the United Kingdom) and another 10 Non-Permanent Members (NPM) only with the right to vote and discuss the agenda items.
In this vein, the proposal was taken to the Council that Mexico headed – whose agenda was particularly focused on the promotion of humanitarian aid and the reconstruction of the Islamic country. However, MPs China, France and Russia rejected the armed attack approach.
Although this led the US to desist from the second resolution, it also forced the NPM nations to adopt a clear position for or against, which was subjected to international criticism because it implied a political and diplomatic effect. that went beyond the issue of decision-making, explains Alejandro Becerra in his article for El Cotidiano (2004).”The Fox government faced the paradox of violating Article 89 of the constitutional text and supporting the US (…) or not supporting its main trading partner and subsequently facing economic and political reprisals.”
Finally, the Mexican delegation voted against the US invasion of Iraq in March 2003, which resulted in a cooling of relations between the two governments.
It is so just over 18 years of friction and the decree recent Joe Biden remove US troops in Iraq, Mexico returns to the presidency of the Security Council with Juan Ramon de la Fuente at the front of the delegation and with an agenda that will monitor monthly the latest developments in the problems of the Middle Eastern country
Under this line and period, the conjunctures of Syria, Yemen and Afghanistan will also be analyzed, the latter being of special attention for including, from a gender perspective, the situation of women and girls in the country.
Similarly, three major events will be organized for international security and peace: the first, a debate on corruption, inequality, exclusion and armed conflicts chaired by the Mexican president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO).
The second will be a discussion on the trafficking and diversion of small arms and its impact on international security. Finally, as part of Mexico’s preventive democracy, the third will consist of a meeting to improve collaboration between the main organs of the UN.