The Mexican Federation of Public Human Rights Organizations recognized the “pressure of the migratory agenda” that Mexico suffers from bordering on the United States.
Over 2,000 migrants are missing in Mexican territory, according to reports made by relatives, the Mexican Federation of Public Human Rights Organizations (FMOPDH) reported in a report.
“The seriousness of the human rights violations against the migrant population is overwhelming,” warned the FMOPDH, formed by the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH), the highest autonomous body on the matter, and the state commissions of the 32 states of the country.
The FMOPDH launched a call to prioritize the care and protection strategy for people in human mobility, which, it said, “currently require coordinated and effective humanitarian assistance.”
He also highlighted the existence of several pending issues in this matter, such as the implementation of specialized shelters in all states to receive people in a situation of mobility, the urgent development of humanitarian assistance programs that promote social inclusion and comprehensive care for people. , as well as support for those that already exist so that they do not disappear. The unfortunate events that occurred in the towns of San Fernando, Cadereyta, or Camargo constitute a pattern of structural violence against this population group ” FOPDHMX.
These figures are revealed when Mexico suffers its own disappearance crisis, with 86,663 people not located since 1964, according to the Ministry of the Interior (Segob).
Added to this is the migration aspect, as the FMOPDH recalled that in 2020, a total of 41,329 people requested asylum in Mexico and the authorities detained 87,260 migrants.
The report is published amid record numbers of migratory flows, as reflected by the United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP), which stopped a record of more than 172,000 undocumented immigrants at the border with Mexico in March, almost 19,000 minors.
The Government of Mexico also registered in March a record number of 17,445 migrants presented to immigration authorities and 3,139 unaccompanied minors.
Likewise, the Mexican Commission for Aid to Refugees (Comar) has registered an annual increase of 31% in asylum applications during the first quarter of the year, with 22,606 petitions.
Despite this increase, the FMOPDH questioned the annual reduction of 14.3% in the budget that the Government assigned to Comar for 2021.
“It has not been possible to consolidate the normative, programmatic and strategic axes that allow addressing this humanitarian emergency from a comprehensive vision, with a differential and human rights approach,” the federation considered.
The autonomous organizations recognized the “pressure of the migratory agenda” that Mexico suffers from adjoining the United States and criticized the deployment of more than 8,000 elements of the Armed Forces of Mexico on its northern and southern borders.
“It has exposed migrants to an increase in human rights violations by this authority, as well as to travel through new routes that are more dangerous due to the presence of organized crime and the absence of humanitarian aid,” they stated.
The FMOPDH recalled the femicide of Victoria Esperanza Salazar, a Honduran migrant murdered by police from Tulum, in Quintana Roo, as “an example of this pattern of violence that migrants in general and women, in particular, are victims of violence.
“In addition to the above, collective expressions of xenophobia persist and promote social contexts that reproduce and seem to justify violence against migrants,” reflected the federation.
According to the latest population census, one million 212 thousand 252 people born in another country reside in Mexico. Baja California, Mexico City, and Chihuahua are the three states that concentrate the largest number of resident foreigners.
The Federation calls for prioritizing the care and protection strategy for people in human mobility, in accordance with the conventions and treaties signed by Mexico, especially the Convention on the Status of Refugees and its Protocol.
They point out that the country “is obliged to have a solid protection system and to strengthen this sector,” so it is urgent to build regional commitments, from the local point of view, to assist and protect migrants and refugees.